When taking a portrait you need to find out from the subject what the portrait is for. If the portrait is for a company website or brochure it will be more professional. If the portrait is for a spouse it will be more personal or sexy. For a profile portrait a good lighting choice is a soft box. You would want it close to the subject for a softer touch so the light will wrap around them. If you move the soft box further away, it will give a harder effect as the light will become smaller, if you are looking for something not so soft. For a much harsher effect, don’t use a soft box at all.
For a different effect on a front shot, a single honeycomb grid light in the background will create a circle of light around the subjects head. A background stand allows the flash head to be used at a very low level. The light should be positioned so that it is behind the model and hidden by their body. If you don’t like the white light, you can use a lighting gel to create a colored circle behind the model.
If you are looking to create a pure white background you want to use two lights in the background that are two stops brighter than the light in front of the subject. You are looking to overexpose the background by at least 2 stops to get a pure white background. You also need to make sure that the subject is at least 8 feet away from the background so that by the time the light bounces off the background and onto their back and hair it has lost enough power not to degrade the edges of the subject.
High key effect is the absence of dark tone. If the eyes and lips are darkened, for example, then you expose them directly to show them at their correct shade. This will overexpose the face and get rid of any imperfections in the skin. When taking a portrait the fill light needs to be set up where it will light the whole subject. It should be right in front of the camera and directly above or below it.]]>
For shooting photos of people or something that you want only the foreground highlighted, you should use a wider aperture lens so that the focus of the photo is where you want it. In order to highlight the model, a lens with a wider aperture is focused on the models eyes making everything else around them out of focus and placing them in a clear context.
For landscape photography you would want to use a smaller aperture lens so that the whole photo is sharp and it draws the eye from the foreground to the background taking it all in. No one part of the photo is clearer than any other so the viewer is not focused on any one specific thing and can clearly see the whole of the landscape.]]>
The newer cameras have newer features. Image stabilization helps to prevent camera movement so you get sharper photos. Face recognition helps the camera find faces in the photo and focus on them instead of the background. Redeye repair software takes care of red eye in the camera when the picture is taken. Newer cameras also have more megapixels. Most cameras today start at 5-7 megapixels whereas older cameras only went up to 3 megapixels. Newer cameras also have newer prices. The Ultra Compact digital camera will run about $150-350. The Compact digital camera will run about $90-300. The Full Size digital camera will usually run about $250-450. The Digital SLR camera can run anywhere from $550 to $5,000 plus the cost of lenses.
The basic accessories you want to get with your camera are a case, extra memory cards and batteries. Hard shell cases or cases with at least one hard side will provide more protection for the new larger lcd viewing screens. Different cameras take different types of memory cards, so be sure you check to be sure what kind of card your camera takes. Ultra Compact cameras and the Digital SLR cameras usually use a manufacturer made battery pack. You will need to purchase extras of these if you want them from the camera retailer. The Compact and Full Size cameras usually take standard batteries. Rechargeable batteries can be reused and last 3-4 times longer in your camera than the disposable batteries do.
You can purchase your digital camera at a store or online. In a store you can see how the camera feels in your hand, how big it is, how easy the controls are and how long it takes to take a photo and how long is the wait time between photos. Also in a store you can go back and ask questions later if you need to. Online you can get some great deals, but make sure you are dealing with a reputable website, that they have the item in stock and that you will get it on time. Also compare the online cost with shipping to the in store cost to see if you are really getting a good deal. Whether you buy online or in a store, check out what the return policy is. Most places have a different return policy for digital cameras than for the rest of the items in that store or on that site. Some places charge a 15% restocking fee if the seal on the package is broken and the box has been opened. Also check to see how long you have to return it if need be. Some places have a 14, 30, 60, or 90 day return policy.]]>
Aperture is the diameter of the lens opening. The larger the diameter is the more light will reach the film or digital sensor.
As you close a lens each F-Stop cuts the amount of light allowed through in half. When a lot of light is coming through you will get less depth of focus. This is good for isolating a subject to make it stand out from the background. The background will be blurred.
To vary how much of the photo is in focus adjust your aperture (F-Stop)]]>
Clean lenses are necessary equipment for all photographers whether you are shooting with a digital camera or film. The best way to clean a lens is to not let it get dirty in the first place. When you are not using your lens make sure to keep a cap over both the front and the rear elements. You should always be careful not to put your fingers on the lens.
Purchase a cleaning kit from a camera shop.
Make sure there are no rough particles on the lens. If you rub a rough particle around while cleaning you could scratch your lens. Use a blower to remove any particles before cleaning. Once all particles are removed use a cleaning tissue to lightly wipe your lens. Use your lens cleaner to remove any greasy spots. Do not over clean your lens. If it is not dirty do not clean it. Every time you clean your lens you run the risk of scratching it.
Keep dust off your lens. When shooting into the sun, dust on your lens can cause flare ups.
Unless you have something especially greasy on your lens you can most often clean your lens without chemicals. Simply breathing hot air on the lens will fog it up enough for a good cleaning.
Only clean when you really need to and your lens will live a long life.]]>
Any residue is wiped away. A technician optically centers the lens. The lens is cleaned again. It is very important to keep the lens clean and free from dust particles. The F number and other technical details are carved into the side of the lens. It takes 6 weeks to make one of these optical lens’.]]>